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Periodontal Disease Treatment

Learn more about Periodontal Disease Treatment

Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. Plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums, making them tender, inflamed, and likely to bleed.
Plaque hardens into calculus (tartar). As calculus and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede from the teeth. Deeper pockets form between the gums and teeth and become filled with bacteria and pus. The gums become very irritated, inflamed, and bleed easily. Slight to moderate bone loss may be present.
Advanced Periodontitis
The teeth lose more support as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament continue to be destroyed. Unless treated, the affected teeth will become very loose and may be lost. Generalized moderate to severe bone loss may be present.


Treatment Options for Periodontal (Gum) DiseasePeriodontal (Gum) disease is diagnosed by your dentist or dental hygienist during a periodontal examination. This type of exam should always be part of your regular dental check-up. A periodontal probe (small dental instrument) is gently used to measure the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and the gums. The depth of a healthy sulcus measures three millimeters or less and does not bleed. The periodontal probe helps indicate if pockets are deeper than three millimeters. As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets usually get deeper.

Scaling and root planning (deep cleaning) – In order to preserve the health of the gum tissue, the bacteria and calculus (tartar) must be removed. The gum pockets will be cleaned using Ultrasonic instrumentation and hand instruments specially designed for calculus removal. With a professional deep cleaning and diligent home care by the patient, periodontal disease can be stopped from progressing.

  • Tissue regeneration – When the bone and gum tissues have been destroyed, regrowth can be actively encouraged using grafting procedures. A membrane may be inserted into the affected areas to assist in the regeneration process.?
  • Pocket elimination (flap) surgery – Pocket elimination surgery is a surgical treatment, which can be performed to reduce the pocket size between the teeth and gums.
  • Dental implants – When teeth have been lost due to periodontal disease, the aesthetics and functionality of the mouth can be restored by placing a dental implant into the space previously occupied by the natural tooth.

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